The Cagayan Valley Region reached a total population count of 3, 685,744 as of May 1, 2020 based on the 2020 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) which accounts to almost 3.38% of the Philippine population as reported by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).

Region 2’s population increased by 6.4% or equivalent to 234,334 from 3,451,410 in 2015.

Of the five provinces in the region, the Province of Batanes recorded the highest population growth rate (PGR) at 1.15, from 0.72 in 2015 to 1.87 in 2020. As a result, the population count of Batanes increased to 18,831 in 2020 compared to only 17,246 in 2015. Of the six municipalities in the island province, Itbayat had the highest increase at 2.63, while the Municipality of Sabtang recorded the lowest PGR. PGR is the annual average rate of change of population size for a geographic area during a specified period.

On the other hand, the Province of Cagayan noted a slight decrease in PGR from 1.23 in 2015 to 1.19 in 2020. The Municipality of Peñablanca recorded the most significant decrease in PGR from 2.47 in 2015 to 0.73 in 2020; while the municipality of Lal-lo had the highest PGR at 1.93.  

The municipality of Dinapigue in Isabela had the most notable increase in PGR region wide at 4.95 while the Municipality of Ambaguio in Nueva Vizcaya showed the highest decrease in PGR at 2.11.

Four municipalities in Nueva Vizcaya, namely: Ambaguio, Bambang, Diadi, and Kasibu recorded a decrease in PGR while the other 11 LGUs had a significant increase in population growth for the same period. 

Looking into the population of the Province of Quirino in 2020, its actual population count had increased by 7.28, adding a total of 14,837 from its population of 188,991 in 2015.  

Meanwhile, of the four cities in Region 2, only Tuguegarao City had a significant decrease in PGR at 0.23 whereas the City of Santiago had a notable increase in PGR at 1.77 from 0.29 in 2015 to 2.06 in 2020.

POPCOM-Region II Director Herita O. Macarubbo underscored that the increase in population in most of the municipalities may be attributed to the ‘Balik Probinsya’ program implemented since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. She also emphasized that the results of the 2020 CPH is vital in crafting policies and in developing plans to address various population issues especially the provision of basic social and health services.

During the Regional Data Dissemination Forum on Population Counts conducted by PSA last July 21, 2021, Director Macarubbo said that the increase or decrease in population indicates the extent of efficiency and effectiveness of our population program interventions and the support of the LGUs to the family planning program of the government.

With the localization and institutionalization of the Philippine Population and Development Program (PPDP), POPCOM-Region II continues to advocate the adoption and integration of the different population strategies at the local level towards empowering more Filipino families in Region 2.#